Italy's fifth largest wine region, Toscana, is perhaps the most famous of all Italian wine regions. Commonly known as Tuscany, it is located in the northwestern portion of Italy and includes seven coastal islands. A much larger region than many people realize, it encompasses many different wine regions and climate types, which is key to the area’s prestige. Its distinctive terroir is the ideal environment for the cultivation of grapes: a blend of coastal and mountain climates, a mix of soil types rich in sand and clay, a moderately hilly terrain and excellent topography. Toscana is home to the indigenous Italian grape variety, Sangiovese, which has played a significant role in the region’s success. Most of the wine coming from Toscana is made from some clone of this varietal, but a growing trend here is the incorporation of more international varietals, resulting in the popular Super Tuscans.